The Latin form elenchus plural elenchi is used in English as the technical philosophical term. In Plato's early dialogues, the elenchus is the technique Socrates uses to investigate, for example, the nature or definition of ethical concepts such as justice or virtue. According to Vlastos,  it has the following steps: Socrates' interlocutor asserts a thesis, for example "Courage is endurance of the soul", which Socrates considers false and targets for refutation.
Some of these statements are premises or assumptions and some are conclusions. Premises of the argument state reasons for believing that the conclusion s of the argument is true.
MP If we can benefit someone, without harming anyone else, we ought to do so. Transplanting the organs would benefit the other children without harming Baby Theresa Therefore, we ought to transplant the organs.
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Therefore, it should not be done. Therefore, it would be wrong to kill Theresa in order to harvest her organs. Hence, Tracy should not have been killed. Therefore, God does not exist. We can be mistaken about anything. So, no one is ever certain of anything. If sometimes we do what we choose to do, then sometimes we act freely.
Therefore, sometimes we act freely. Does the conclusion follow from the premises? That is, is the argument valid? Are the premises true or at least justified? Or, is the argument sound or, at least, strong?
In other words, if the premises are or were true, then the conclusion must also be true. That is, it is impossible for the premises of the valid argument all to be true and its conclusion to be false.
In order to determine whether an argument is valid or not, ask yourself: Supposing that the premises are or were true whether they really are or notmust the conclusion be true? If the answer is yes, then the argument is valid. If the answer is no, then the argument is invalid. Some examples of valid arguments: All examples above are valid arguments.
Here are a few more:Evaluating Teachers: The Case of Socrates SOPHIE HAROUTUNIAN-GORDON University of Chicago How do we evaluate a teacher’s effectiveness? This important question has.
Evaluating Arguments Evaluating Arguments. EVALUATING ARGUMENT: VALIDITY AND SOUNDNESS. An argument is a combination of statements. Some of these statements are premises or assumptions and some are conclusions.
Premises of the argument state reasons for believing that the conclusion(s) of the argument is true. Socrates is a man. (T) Hence.
Evaluating Socrates Essay Socrates lived during a time of crucial transition in Athens. The city sought recover and stabilize from its defeat, and from this situation that public had began to doubt democracy as an effective form of government.
Explain and evaluate Socrates' claim in the Apology that "the unexamined life is not worth living Order instructions Explain and evaluate Socrates’ claim in the Apology that “the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being,” and briefly analyze and discuss the particular method he uses to discover the truth (i.e., dialectics or the Socratic Method).
Socrates and the Law: Argument in an Athenian Jail This lesson focuses on the Crito, in which Socrates argues against the idea that he should escape the penalty of death imposed on him by Athens, laying the groundwork for future debates over the rights of the individual and the rule of law.
Socrates Worldview Origin This question focuses on why there is something rather than nothing. Socrates uses the theory of recollection as evidence to prove his theory of creation. This theory of creation introduces that our souls have an existence before this earthly life.